Salmon Aquaculture Research Database

Article Number Title Description Authors Source Year Topics
2267 Effects of dietary fatty acids on growth, feed efficiency and liver RNA and DNA content of Arctic charr, Salvelinus alpinus (L.).

Arctic charr, Salvelinus alpinus (L.), weighing 1.6 g, were fed either commercial or one of 12 semipurified diets containing different concentrations and types of n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). The effects of dietary composition...

Yang, X. and Dick, T. A. Aquaculture, pp.57-70 1993 Genetics/Molecular
2984 Presence of Specific Growth Hormone Binding Sites in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus Mykiss) Tissues: Characterization of the Hepatic Receptor.

The present work outlines the presence of specific binding for Chinook salmon growth hormone (sGH) in different tissue preparations of rainbow trout. Optimal incubation conditions (pH, Tris, MgCl2) were determined. Specific binding was very...

Yao, K., Niu, P.-D., Gac, F. L. and Bail, P.-Y. L. General and Comparative Endocrinology, pp.72-82 1991 Genetics/Molecular
1063 Influence of ration level on the growth performance and body composition of non-transgenic and growth-hormone-transgenic Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch).

^Duplicate groups of size-matched (range in initial mean weight, 23.5-27.2

Oakes, J. D., Higgs, D. A., Eales, J. G. and Devlin, R. H. Aquaculture, pp.309-324 2007 Fish Health/Nutrition
1062 The complete genome sequence of the Atlantic salmon paramyxovirus (ASPV).

^The complete RNA genome of the Atlantic salmon paramyxovirus (ASPV), isolated from Atlantic salmon suffering from proliferative gill inflammation (PGI), has been determined. The genome is 16,965 nucleotides in length and consists of six...

Nylund, S., Karlsen, M. and Nylund, A. Virology, pp.137-148 2008 Fish Health/Nutrition, Genetics/Molecular
1060 Estimates of phenotypic and genetic parameters for flesh colour traits in farmed Atlantic salmon based on multiple trait animal model.

^Rapid development of fish culture in marine cages has been associated with an emergence of parasitic diseases. There is a general trend to an increase in infections with ectoparasites with direct life cycles and a reduced diversity of parasites...

Norris, A. T. and Cunningham, E. P. Livestock Production Science, pp.209-222 2004 Genetics/Molecular
2268 Genetic markers for the discrimination of native and non-native Atlantic salmon in Europe.

Different types of genetic markers, developed to study the interactions of native and non-native Atlantic salmon Salmo s&r in Europe, were assessed for their discriminatory capacity. These included a Cbanding polymorphism on chromosome 8, 13...

Yerspoor, E., Wilson, I., Bourke, L., Cross, T., Ferguson, A., Garcia-Vazqllez, E., Knox, D., Martin-Pendas, A., Stone, C. and Taggart, J. Aquaculture, pp.49-50 1995 Genetics/Molecular, Wild/Farmed Interaction
1059 Heritability of mortality in response to a natural pancreas disease challenge in Atlantic salmon post-smolts on a West of Ireland sea site.

^Three different methods of colour measurement of Atlantic salmon flesh were employed in this study; subjective scoring (SalmoFan(TM)), colorimetric measurement and carotenoid content as measured by NIR analysis. Parentage of fish was assigned...

Norris, A. Aquaculture, pp.S296-S296 2007 Fish Health/Nutrition, Genetics/Molecular
1058 Endocrine growth regulation of adult Atlantic salmon in seawater: The effects of light regime on plasma growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor-I, and insulin levels.

^Plasma growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), and insulin were measured in two groups of Salmo salar L. during a one-year study. The fish were reared under either a simulated natural photoperiod (SNP) from January to December...

Nordgarden, U., Hansen, T., Hemre, G.-I., Sundby, A. and Bj Aquaculture, pp.862-871 2005 Fish Health/Nutrition
2985 Cortisol Secretion in Vitro by the Interrenal of Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus Kisutch) During Smoltification Relationship with Plasma Thyroxine and Plasma Cortisol.

An in vitro system for the incubation of interrenal tissue (head kidney fragments) from Coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch, was developed in order to examine changes in interrenal sensitivity to ACTH1

Young, G. Aquaculture, pp.391-392 1985 Freshwater/Hatchery, Genetics/Molecular
2986 In Vitro Studies on Interrenal Gland Activity During Smoltification of Coho Salmon.

An in vitro system for the incubation of interrenal tissue (head kidney fragments) from Coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch, was developed in order to examine changes in interrenal sensitivity to ACTH1-24 during smoltification, using cortisol...

Young, G. General and Comparative Endocrinology, pp.191-200 1986 Genetics/Molecular
2987 Multihormonal Control of the Interrenal of Coho Salmon, Oncorhynchus Kisutch.

In vitro studies have demonstrated that thyroid hormones and growth hormone (GH) exertregulatory effects on the salmonid interrenal (Young and Lin, 1988, Young, 1988). Increased plasma levels of cortisol may occur in hypophysectomized (Hx) Coho...

Young, G. Aquaculture, pp.381-382 1989 Genetics/Molecular
2990 Growth Retardation (Stunting) in Coho Salmon: Plasma Hormone Levels in Stunts in Seawater and after Transfer to Fresh Water.

Plasma levels of prolactin (PRL), growth hormone (GH), cortisol, thyroxine and triidothyronine were measured in normally-growing seawater (SW) and freshwater (FW) smolts and in animals which had stunted after premature transfer to SW. PRL levels...

Young, G., Prunet, P., Ogasawara, T., Hirano, T. and Bern, H. A. Aquaculture, pp.269-278 1989 Fish Health/Nutrition, Genetics/Molecular
2988 Plasma Levels of Prolactin and Growth Hormone During Parr-Smolt Transformation of Coho Salmon, Oncorhynchus Kisutch.

Plasma prolactin (PRL) and growth hormone (GH) levels are known to change during the smoltification of Coho salmon but their relationship to changes in other hormones and to the development of hypoosmoregulatory ability has not been explored in...

Young, G., Bj Aquaculture, pp.382-383 1989 Freshwater/Hatchery, Genetics/Molecular
2989 Smoltification and Seawater Adaptation in Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus Kisutch): Plasma Prolactin, Growth Hormone, Thyroid Hormones, and Cortisol.

The status of circulating growth hormone and prolactin during the parr-smolt transformation and during seawater adaptation of Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) was investigated in relation to changes in plasma levels of thyroxine,...

Young, G., Bj General and Comparative Endocrinology, pp.335-345 1989 Fish Health/Nutrition, Genetics/Molecular
2269 Circulating growth hormone, cortisol and thyroxine levels after 24 h seawater challenge of yearling Coho salmon at different developmental stages.

The response of the endocrine system to short-term exposure to sea water (SW) was examined before, during and after the parr-smolt transformation of Coho salmon. Five transfers of yearling Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) from fresh water (FW)...

Young, G., McCormick, S. D., Bj Aquaculture, pp.371-384 1995 Cultured, Fish Health/Nutrition, Genetics/Molecular
1056 Developmental stage of Atlantic salmon parr regulates pituitary GH secretion and parr-smolt transformation.

^Atlantic salmon respond to increased photoperiod by elevation of plasma growth hormone (GH) levels during the period leading up to parr-smolt transformation, both under natural and farming conditions. The aim of the present study was to...

Nordgarden, U., Bj Aquaculture, pp.441-448 2007 Fish Health/Nutrition, Freshwater/Hatchery, Genetics/Molecular
1057 Growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-I act together and independently when regulating growth in vertebral and muscle tissue of Atlantic salmon postsmolts.

^Aiming to elucidate the role of GH and IGF-I with regard to vertebral and white muscle growth, gene expression of the GH and IGF-I receptors (ghr and igf-Ir, respectively) and local IGF-I (igf-I) were analyzed during spring growth (January-June...

Nordgarden, U., Fjelldal, P.-G., Hansen, T., Bj General and Comparative Endocrinology, pp.253-260 2006 Fish Health/Nutrition
2991 Thyroid Hormones in Migrating Atlantic Salmon.

Field studies and experimental work suggest that the response capacity of the thyroid system becomes increased in smolts but that this is expressed only intermittently. Thyroid hormone levels become raised in response to increases in water...

Youngson, A. F. Aquaculture, pp.319-327 1989 Genetics/Molecular, Wild (Atlantic/Pacific)
2995 The Thyroid System's Role in the Downstream Migration of Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Salar L.) Smolts.

Youngson and Simpson (1984, J. Fish Biol., 24: 29-39) have shown that migrating
wild Atlantic salmon smelts exhibit large and transitory changes in serum thyroxine
(T,) levels throughout the spring season. The authors postulated that...

Youngson, A. F., Scott, D. C. B., Johnstone, R. and Pretswell, D. Aquaculture, pp.392-393 1985 Genetics/Molecular, Wild (Atlantic/Pacific)
2993 The Responsiveness of the Thyroid System of Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Salar L.) Smolts to Increased Water Velocity.

Serum thyroxine (T4) levels in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) smolts exceeded those in parr over the spring period. Tri-iodothyronine (T3) and T4 levels present in smolts both at dusk and some hours later in darkness varied with date in a...

Youngson, A. F., McLay, H. A. and Olsen, T. C. Aquaculture, pp.243-255 1986 Genetics/Molecular, Water Quality
2992 Genetic Protein Variation in Atlantic Salmon in Scotland: Comparison of Wild and Farmed Fish.

Genetic variation at six enzyme loci was examined in named lines of Atlantic salmon in culture in Scotland. Twelve lines were examined in each of two years of study. Significant differences in allele frequencies were observed between the year...

Youngson, A. F., Martin, S. A. M., Jordan, W. C. and Verspoor, E. Aquaculture, pp.231-242 1991 Cultured, Genetics/Molecular, Wild (Atlantic/Pacific)
2270 Homing of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) to a tributary spawning stream in a major river catchment.

At the Girnock Burn, a tributary of the River Dee in Scotland, a substantial part of the annual production of migrant juvenile salmon (Salmo salar L.) leaves the stream in autumn rather than in spring. Previously, the status of the autumn...

Youngson, A. F., Jordan, W. C. and Hay, D. W. Aquaculture, pp.259-267 1994 Wild (Atlantic/Pacific)
2271 Management of salmonid fisheries in the British Isles: towards a practical approach based on population genetics.

The evidence for structuring of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and brown trout (Salmo trutta) into distinct reproductive populations and for genetic differentiation and local adaptation is compelling. The effect of genetic variation among...

Youngson, A. F., Jordan, W. C., Verspoor, E., McGinnity, P., Cross, T. and Ferguson, A. Fisheries Research, pp.193-209 2003 Genetics/Molecular, Wild (Atlantic/Pacific)
240 Steriod hormone levels and patterns of growth in the early part of the reproductive cycle of adult Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L)

Steroid hormone levels and patterns of growth have been examined between December and April in captive, marked Atlantic salmon destined to mature some months later (November). Changes in maiden fish of both sexes becoming mature after 1 year (...

Youngson, A. F., McLay, H.A., Wright, R.S. and Johnstone, R. Aquaculture, pp. 145 - 157 1988 Cultured, Fish Health/Nutrition, Genetics/Molecular
183 Spawning of escaped farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): Hybridization of females with brown rout (Salmo trutta)

Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and Fl hybrids between Atlantic salmon and brown trout (Salmo trutta) were distinguished among juvenile salmonids sampled at emergence from rivers in western and northern Scotland. Hybrids were present in samples...

Youngson, A.F., Webb, J.H., Thimpson, C.E. and Knox, D. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, pp. 1986-1990 1993 Fish Escapes, Genetics/Molecular, Spawning, Wild/Farmed Interaction