Salmon Aquaculture Research Database

Article Number Titlesort icon Description Authors Source Year Topics

The ecological risks of salmon aquaculture have motivated changes to management and policy designed to protect wild salmon populations and habitats in several countries. In Canada, much attention has focused on outbreaks of parasitic copepods,...

Krkosek M, Connors BM, Morton A, Lewis MA, Dill LM, Hilborn R Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108:14700-14704. 2011 Sea Lice, Wild/Farmed Interaction
3005 Escapes of fishes from Norwegian sea-cage aquaculture: causes, consequences and prevention

The escape of fish from aquaculture is perceived as a threat to wild fish populations. The escapes problem is largely caused by technical and operational failures of fish farming equipment. In Norway, 3.93 million Atlantic salmon Salmo salar, 0....

Jensen, Aquatic Environment Interactions, pp. 71-83 2010 Fish Escapes, Wild/Farmed Interaction
2384 1 Nutrition,

In 1972 we published a review in Advances in Marine Biology which summarized the current situation in fish nutrition as we saw it at that time (Cowey and Sargent, 1972). Our approach, both from inclination and conviction, was biochemical. We...

Cowey, C. B. and Sargent, J. R. Advances in Marine Biology, pp.383-494 1972 Fish Health/Nutrition
2339 1 Pattern and Variety in Development.

Present interest in the development of fish has a two fold basis.
First, the factors that determine brood strength and so recruitment to
commercial fisheries may well operate during the early life history
stages. Second, the...

Blaxter, J. H. S. Fish Physiology, pp.1-58 1988 Fish Health/Nutrition, Genetics/Molecular
1202 13C NMR, GC and HPLC characterization of lipid components of the salted and dried mullet (Mugil cephalus) roe "bottarga".

^13C NMR spectroscopy, in conjunction with HPLC and GC techniques, has been used to study the molecular composition of lipids extracted from commercial products of bottarga. To this goal, both the saponifiable and unsaponifiable fractions of...

Scano, P., Rosa, A., Cesare Marincola, F., Locci, E., Melis, M. P., Dess Chemistry and Physics of Lipids, pp.69-76 2008 Food Safety
955 17-[beta] Estradiol and 4-nonylphenol delay smolt development and downstream migration in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar.

The effect of 17-[beta] estradiol (E2) and 4-nonylphenol (4-NP) on smoltification and downstream migration of Atlantic salmon was studied in an integrated laboratory and field study. In a stock of hatchery-raised 1-year-old salmon, smoltification...

Madsen, S. S., Skovb Aquatic Toxicology, pp.109-120 2004 Fish Health/Nutrition
2577 2 Feeding Strategy.

Several contributions to this volume have focused on the internal processes of digestion, energy metabolism, and growth in a few species of fishes under highly controlled conditions. However, fishes as a group have evolved under highly variable...

Hyatt, K. D. Fish Physiology, pp.71-119 1979 Cultured
913 358 Molecular cloning and functional studies of Atlantic salmon mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein.

The striking difference in evolution of type I IFN genes of fish and mammals poses the question of whether these genes are induced through similar or different signalling pathways in the two vertebrate groups. Previous work has shown that...

Lauksund, S., Svingerud, T., Bergan, V., Kileng, Cytokine, pp.328-328 2008 Genetics/Molecular
2555 4 the Physiology of Smolting Salmonids.

Many salmonids, fish of the genera Oncorhynchus, Salmo, and Salvelinus, are anadromous and undergo a distinct transformation prior to seaward migration. Typically, the cryptically colored, streamdwelling juvenile (usually called a purr) changes...

Hoar, W. S. Fish Physiology, pp.275-343 1988 Fish Health/Nutrition, Freshwater/Hatchery
2434 4.12 Differences in Anti-Nip Activity in Normal Serum and Immune Serum from Atlantic Salmon.

Natural antibodies against several haptens are found in many species, including Atlantic salmon, in which normal serum demonstrated significant levels of anti-NIP (4-hydroxy-3-iodo-5-nitrophenyl acetic acid) antibodies when tested in ELISA. Such...

Espelid, S., Killie, J. E. and Jorgensen, T. Developmental & Comparative Immunology, pp.387-388 1989 Fish Health/Nutrition
2726 5 Ontogeny of Behaviour and Concurrent Developmental Changes in Sensory Systems in Teleost Fishes.

Fishes show considerable inter-individual variation in their behaviour
(e.g., Dill, 1983; Ringler, 1983; Magurran, 1986). Functional explanations proposed for such behavioural plasticity include environmental variability, phenotypic...

Noakes, D. L. G. and Godin, J.-G. Fish Physiology, pp.345-395 1988 Fish Health/Nutrition, Genetics/Molecular
2888 6 Fish Gamete Preservation and Spermatozoan Physiology,

An overview of fish gamete preservation and spermatozoan physiology, with detailed information on; morphology, metabolism and motility of spermatozoa, gamete quality, short term preservation of spermatozoa, short term preservation of ova and...

Stoss, J. Fish Physiology, pp.305-350 1983 Genetics/Molecular, Spawning
2189 6 Natural Changes in the Immune System of Fish.

Natural factors that have an effect on the immune system of fish include
the physiological processes of ontogenetic development, and, at the other
end of the life cycle, the progressive decline toward senescence and death.

Tatner, M. F Fish Physiology, pp.255-287 1997 Fish Health/Nutrition
2354 6 Physiological Energetics.

An overview of physiological energetics in salmonids, focusing on energy (sources, density storage), metabolism, excretion, growth and energy budgets.

Brett, J. R. and Groves, T. D. Fish Physiology, pp.279-352 1979 Fish Health/Nutrition, Genetics/Molecular
1765 6. Genetic and environmental determinants of muscle growth patterns.

An overview of genetic and environmental determinants of muscle growth patterns in fish. Salmonid life cycles, exercise as a stimulus for muscle growth, underlying mechanisms in muscle growth patterns and implications for flesh quality in farmed...

Johnston, I. A. Fish Physiology, pp.141-186 2001 Genetics/Molecular, Water Quality
2914 8 Chromosome Set Manipulation and Sex Control in Fish,

An overview of chromosome set manipulation and sex control in fish. Techniques to control the sex of fish by manipulation of chromosomes sets with radiation, chemical, or physical treatments are practical because of the ease with which fish...

Thorgaard, G.H. Fish Physiology, pp.405-434 1983 Genetics/Molecular
1922 8. Hormonal regulation of muscle growth.

Physiologically, growth is usually defined as an increase in cell number
and/or cell size concomitant with a positive change in energetic (caloric) content
of the organism under consideration. Therefore, the normal, ongoing turnover...

Mommsen, T. P. and Moon, T. W. Fish Physiology, pp.251-308 2001 Fish Health/Nutrition, Genetics/Molecular
2414 9 Hormonal Enhancement of Growth,

An overview of hormonal enhancement of growth in salmonids, with focus on growth hormone, steroid hormones and similar substances, thyroid hormones, and insulin.

Donaldson, E. M., Fagerlund, U. H. M., Higgs, D. A. and McBride, J. R. Fish Physiology, pp.455-597 1979 Fish Health/Nutrition, Genetics/Molecular
1612 9 Infection and Disease.

An overview of fish infection and disease and its effect on fish and aquaculture production.

Evelyn, T. P., George, T.I. and Teruyuki, N. Fish Physiology, pp.339-366 1997 Fish Health/Nutrition
2890 A Behavioural Method to Test Feeding Responses of Fish to Pelleted Diets.

Hatchery-reared Atlantic salmon fry and parr, Salmo salar L., were fed different diets to test their preferences for prey size, shape, colour and taste. Feeding responses were classified into: (1) orientation, (2) approach, (3) capture, (4)...

Stradmeyer, L. Aquaculture, pp.303-310 1989 Cultured, Spawning
2386 A Biochemical Method for Distinguishing between Wild and Farmed Salmonid Fishes by Their Carotenoid Pigmentation.

In the muscles, skin and ovaries of wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar, the natural carotenoid pigment is astaxanthin. Farmed fish of this species raised on modern commercial diets lack this natural pigment. They contain, instead, the carotenoid...

Craik, J. C. A. and Harvey, S. M. Journal of the Forensic Science Society, pp.47-55 1987 Cultured, Genetics/Molecular, Wild (Atlantic/Pacific), Wild/Farmed Interaction
675 A biochemical study of mucus lysozyme, proteins and plasma thyroxine of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) during smoltification.

Smoltification is a complex developmental phase encompassing hormonal, metabolic and osmoregulatory changes, enabling the Atlantic salmon to migrate from fresh water to sea water. The biological interface between fish and their aqueous...

Fagan, M. S., O'Byrne-Ring, N., Ryan, R., Cotter, D., Whelan, K. and Mac Evilly, U. Aquaculture, pp.287-300 2003 Fish Health/Nutrition, Freshwater/Hatchery
3215 A biological risk assessment for an Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) invasion in Alaskan waters

We present an event-tree biological risk assessment for a non-native Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) invasion into Alaskan waters. Atlantic salmon farming is prohibited in Alaska, USA, but large numbers of them are reared in ocean net-pens in...

Piccolo JJ, Orlikowska EH. Aquatic Invasions 7: 259-270 2012 Fish Escapes, Wild/Farmed Interaction
1990 A comparative study of automatic feeding and self-feeding in juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fed diets of different energy levels.

The growth performances of juvenile Atlantic salmon fed diets differing in energy content, either using self-feeders or in excess with automatic feeders, were compared. In addition, the pattern of feeding activity is described for fish fed with...

Paspatis, M. and Boujard, T. Aquaculture, pp.245-257 1996 Cultured, Fish Health/Nutrition