Salmon Aquaculture Research Database

Article Number Title Description Authors Source Year Topics
2170 Plasma carotenoid concentration indicates the availability of dietary astaxanthin for Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar.

Atlantic salmon with an initial weight of 1.1 kg were fed three extruded diets with different amounts of astaxanthin (5, 51 and 61 mg kg-1) in an experiment lasting for 26 weeks. Availability of astaxanthin was assessed after collection of blood...

Storebakken, T. and Goswami, U. C. Aquaculture, pp.147-153 1996 Fish Health/Nutrition
2884 A Method for Determination of Feed Intake in Salmonids Using Radioactive Isotopes.

Feed labelled with the radioactive isotopes 131I or 51Cr was offered to rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri), in order to test the value of these isotopes in determining feed intake of cultured salmonids. The isotopes were mixed into the feed in...

Storebakken, T., Austreng, E. and Steenberg, K. Aquaculture, pp.133-142 1981 Fish Health/Nutrition, Genetics/Molecular
2885 Carotenoids in Diets for Salmonids: Ii. Epimerization Studies with Astaxanthin in Atlantic Salmon.

Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar, L.), kept in sea pens were fed diets containing pure carotenoids. No significant preferential utilization of the (3S,3'S), (3R,3'S) or (3R,3'R) optical isomers of astaxanthin was observed. No epimerization occurred...

Storebakken, T., Foss, P., Austreng, E. and Liaaen-Jensen, S. Aquaculture, pp.259-269 1985 Fish Health/Nutrition, Genetics/Molecular
2886 Carotenoids in Diets for Salmonids: Iii. Utilization of Canthaxanthin from Dry and Wet Diets by Atlantic Salmon, Rainbow Trout and Sea Trout.

Yearlings of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.), rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri Richardson) and sea trout (Salmo trutta L.) were fed to excess with dry and wet diets containing canthaxanthin for 14 months. The fish were maintained in sea-pens at...

Storebakken, T., Foss, P., Huse, I., Wandsvik, A. and Berg Lea, T. Aquaculture, pp.245-255 1986 Fish Health/Nutrition
2887 Carotenoids in Diets for Salmonids: Iv. Pigmentation of Atlantic Salmon with Astaxanthin, Astaxanthin Dipalmitate and Canthaxanthin.

Diets supplemented with synthetic astaxanthin, astaxanthin dipalmitate and canthaxanthin at concentrations of 0, 30, 60 and 90 mg/kg, as carotenoid equivalents, were fed to groups of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) for 56 weeks. The mean initial...

Storebakken, T., Foss, P., Schiedt, K., Austreng, E., Liaaen-Jensen, S. and Manz, U. Aquaculture, pp.279-292 1987 Fish Health/Nutrition
2173 Availability of protein, phosphorus and other elements in fish meal, soy-protein concentrate and phytase-treated soy-protein-concentrate-based diets to Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar.

An experiment with 0.1-kg Atlantic salmon in saltwater was conducted to evaluate soy-protein concentrate as a source of dietary protein and to determine if phytase treatment of soy concentrate affected the availability of protein and essential...

Storebakken, T., Shearer, K. D. and Roem, A. J. Aquaculture, pp.365-379 1998 Fish Health/Nutrition
2171 Estimation of gastrointestinal evacuation rate in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) using inert markers and collection of faeces by sieving: evacuation of diets with fish meal, soybean meal or bacterial meal.

Gastrointestinal evacuation of Atlantic salmon was estimated using yttrium and ytterbium oxides (Y2O3 and Yb2O3) and collection of faeces from the outlet water of the tanks by sieving. The fish were fed three diets with different protein sources...

Storebakken, T., Kvien, I. S., Shearer, K. D., Grisdale-Helland, B. and Helland, S. J. Aquaculture, pp.291-299 1999 Fish Health/Nutrition, Organic Wastes
2172 Digestibility of macronutrients, energy and amino acids, absorption of elements and absence of intestinal enteritis in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, fed diets with wheat gluten.

Apparent digestibility coefficients (ADCs) of macronutrients and energy, and apparent absorption coefficients (AACs) of amino acids and elements were assessed in an experiment with 0.9 kg Atlantic salmon reared in saltwater tanks. Duplicate...

Storebakken, T., Shearer, K. D., Baeverfjord, G., Nielsen, B. G., Aquaculture, pp.115-132 2000 Fish Health/Nutrition
1199 Effect of high-level fish meal replacement by pea and rice concentrate protein on growth, nutrient utilization and fillet quality in gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata, L.).

^Partial replacement of fish meal by a vegetable mixture (Pea Protein Concentrate (PPC) and Rice Protein Concentrate (RPC)) was carried out in on-growing gilthead seabream (initial average weight 174

S Aquaculture, pp.83-89 2009 Fish Health/Nutrition
1197 Effects of early experience on group behaviour in fish.

^Animals that undergo a habitat shift face a number of challenges as they move between habitats; for example, they may encounter new predator species and may be vulnerable as they adapt to their new surroundings. An ability to adapt quickly to...

Salvanes, A. G. V., Moberg, O. and Braithwaite, V. A. Animal Behaviour, pp.805-811 2007 Habitat
2888 6 Fish Gamete Preservation and Spermatozoan Physiology,

An overview of fish gamete preservation and spermatozoan physiology, with detailed information on; morphology, metabolism and motility of spermatozoa, gamete quality, short term preservation of spermatozoa, short term preservation of ova and...

Stoss, J. Fish Physiology, pp.305-350 1983 Genetics/Molecular, Spawning
2889 Short-Term Storage and Cryopreservation of Milt from Atlantic Salmon and Sea Trout.

Experiments on short-term preservation of sperm were performed with Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Fertility was maintained for up to 10 days when 2 mm thick samples were stored at 0

Stoss, J. and Refstie, T. Aquaculture, pp.229-236 1983 Genetics/Molecular, Spawning
2890 A Behavioural Method to Test Feeding Responses of Fish to Pelleted Diets.

Hatchery-reared Atlantic salmon fry and parr, Salmo salar L., were fed different diets to test their preferences for prey size, shape, colour and taste. Feeding responses were classified into: (1) orientation, (2) approach, (3) capture, (4)...

Stradmeyer, L. Aquaculture, pp.303-310 1989 Cultured, Spawning
2891 Effect of Food Pellet Shape and Texture on the Feeding Response of Juvenile Atlantic Salmon.

Preference of hatchery-reared Atlantic salmon parr was tested for two pellet characteristics, shape and texture. Responses were investigated to three different shapes (round, long thin and long fat) and two textures of pellet (hard and soft)....

Stradmeyer, L., Metcalfe, N. B. and Thorpe, J. E. Aquaculture, pp.217-228 1988 Cultured, Spawning
1196 In vitro studies of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) foregut: Tissue responses and evidence of protection against Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida epithelial damage.

^Probiotic bacteria increase the host health status and protect mucosal tissue against pathogen-caused damage in mammalian models. Using an in vitro (intestinal sac) method this study aimed to address (a) the in vitro ability of Lactobacillus...

Salinas, I., Myklebust, R., Esteban, M. A., Olsen, R. E., Meseguer, J. and Ring Veterinary Microbiology, pp.167-177 2008 Fish Health/Nutrition, Genetics/Molecular
1195 An assessment of immunostimulants as Mx inducers in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) parr and the effect of temperature on the kinetics of Mx responses.

^The aims of this study were (i) to identify alternative Mx stimulatory compounds in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and to characterise the kinetics and intensity of the stimulated responses and (ii) to investigate the effect of temperature on...

Salinas, I., Lockhart, K., Bowden, T. J., Collet, B., Secombes, C. J. and Ellis, A. E. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, pp.159-170 2004 Fish Health/Nutrition, Water Quality
1194 Dietary phytase supplementation and the utilisation of phosphorus by Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) fed a canola-meal-based diet.

^The effect of phytase supplementation to a canola-meal-based diet on phosphorus utilisation in Atlantic salmon was studied in a two-by-two factorial design. Diets were prepared without phytase or inorganic phosphorus supplementation, with...

Sajjadi, M. and Carter, C. G. Aquaculture, pp.417-431 2004 Fish Health/Nutrition
2175 Genetic variation in the humoral immune response against Vibrio salmonicida and in antibody titre against Vibrio anguillarum and total IgM in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).

Total IgM level and antibody titre to Vibrio anguillarum O-antigen after bath-vaccination, and specific antibody response to V. salmonicida O-antigen at three different samplings were analysed in family material of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar),...

Str Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, pp.85-95 1994 Fish Health/Nutrition, Genetics/Molecular
2174 Genetic variation in the humoral immune response in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) against Aeromonas salmonicida A-layer.

Antibody responses to Aeromonas salmonicida A-layer were analysed in family material of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), consisting of 791 fish belonging to 34 full-sib groups within 12 paternal half-sib groups. The fish were immunized twice and...

Str Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, pp.341-352 1994 Fish Health/Nutrition, Genetics/Molecular
325 Triploid: a commercial application in Canada

The performance of all-female triploids is influenced by many factors that are not well understood. Additional work is required to define the environmental tolerances to temperature, salinity, pH, and alkalinity. Triploids respond differently to...

Stuart, R. Bulletin of the Aquaculture Association of Canada, pp. 29-31 1996 Genetics/Molecular
1192 Application of supercritical CO2 in lipid extraction - A review.

^Supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) offers an alternative method to conventional extraction of fatty acids. SFE was developed for analytical application in the mid-1980s in response to the desire to reduce the use of organic solvents in the...

Sahena, F., Zaidul, I. S. M., Jinap, S., Karim, A. A., Abbas, K. A., Norulaini, N. A. N. and Omar, A. K. M. Journal of Food Engineering, pp.240-253 2009 Fish Health/Nutrition
1193 Immune responses in different fullsib families of Indian major carp, Labeo rohita, exhibiting differential resistance to Aeromonas hydrophila infection.

^Selection of fish disease resistance may be performed directly via survival and challenge data or indirectly via the identification of the underlying resistance markers responsible for the differential survival. In a preliminary study, the...

Sahoo, P. K., Meher, P. K., Mahapatra, K. D., Saha, J. N., Jana, R. K. and Reddy, P. V. G. K. Aquaculture, pp.115-125 2004 Fish Health/Nutrition
2892 Life Skills Training for Hatchery Fish: Social Learning and Survival.

Recent investigations of social-learning processes have clear relevance for hatchery practice in the rearing of some species of fish. Research findings show that many fish learn to recognize the stimulus features of food, predators and habitat....

Suboski, M. D. and Templeton, J. J. Fisheries Research, pp.343-352 1989 Cultured, Freshwater/Hatchery
2176 Apparent protein digestibility and mineral availabilities in various feed ingredients for salmonid feeds.

Apparent digestibility of protein and availability of minerals (Ca, K, P, Mg, Na, Cu, Fe, Mn, Sr, Zn) in various feed ingredients were determined for Coho salmon and rainbow trout using yttrium oxide (Y2O3) as the inert marker and passive feces...

Sugiura, S. H., Dong, F. M., Rathbone, C. K. and Hardy, R. W. Aquaculture, pp.177-202 1998 Fish Health/Nutrition
2893 Changes in the Haemoglobin System of the Coho Salmon Oncorhynchus Kisutch During Smoltification and Triiodothyronine and Propylthiouracil Treatment.

1. 1. Three electrophoretically separable forms of blood haemoglobin were found in fry of Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). 2. 2. Ten haemoglobin forms were found in juvenile and adult salmon. 3. 3. Treatment of yearling salmon with...

Sullivan, C. V., Dickhoff, W. W., Mahnken, C. V. W. and Hersbberger, W. K. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology, pp.807-813 1985 Freshwater/Hatchery, Genetics/Molecular